Assessment of Some Selected Micronutrients Among Women of Reproductive Age Within Urban and Rural Settings in Kano State


  • Amina Shehu Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Nigeria
  • Aisha M. Gadanya Nutrition and Dietetics Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria
  • Mustapha M. Jibril Nutrition and Dietetics Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria
  • Lawan H. Adamu Africa Center of Excellence for Population Health and Policy (ACEPHAP), Bayero University Kano, Nigeria
  • Salisu M. Abubakar Nutrition and Dietetics Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria


Micronutrient Status, Deficiencies, Women of Reproductive Age, Urban, Rural


Women of reproductive age (WRA) are prone to unbalance micronutrient status due to changes associated with normal physiological conditions such as menstruation, pregnancy and lactation. This study was done to assess some selected micronutrients among women of reproductive age within urban and rural settings in Kano state, Nigeria. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 192 WRA (15-49 years) in 4 randomly selected LGAs in urban and rural settings each. Samples of blood and urine were collected to determine the levels of iron, iodine, vitamin A, folate and zinc using ELISA kit. Hemoglobin concentration was also determined using an automated analyzer. From the result obtained in the present study, serum retinol was found to be significantly different (p=0.008) whereas hemoglobin concentration (p=0.200), serum ferritin (p=0.226), urine iodine (p=0.141), serum folate (p=0.924) and serum zinc (p=0.410) had no significant difference between urban and rural participants. Iron deficiency anaemia (13.5%), iodine (29.2%) and zinc (33.3%) deficiencies have higher incidences in the urban areas whereas anaemia (26.0%), iron (46.9%), Vitamin A (34.4%) and folate (46.9%) deficiencies were higher in the rural areas. Our data suggest the need for public health sensitization and enlightenment such as dietary diversity, micronutrient fortification, and supplementation to lower the likelihood of widespread micronutrient deficiencies.


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How to Cite

Shehu, A., Gadanya, A. M., Jibril, M. M., Adamu, L. H., & Abubakar, S. M. (2023). Assessment of Some Selected Micronutrients Among Women of Reproductive Age Within Urban and Rural Settings in Kano State. Nigerian Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 38(4), 158–163. Retrieved from